Passport

The authority, responsible for issuing passports is the Administrative Unit. In case of emergency (such as medical treatment, illness or death of a close family member, urgent business) the passport may be issued also by the ministry responsible for internal affairs.

A citizen permanently or temporarily residing abroad or located abroad who is due to medical or other compelling reasons unable to return to the country can be issued with a passport by the Slovene authority in a foreign country that is responsible for diplomatic-consular affairs.


Validity of the passport:

  • 10 years for citizens above 18 years of age
  • 5 years for citizens between 3 and 18 years of age
  • 3 years for citizens up to 3 years of age, and
  • 1 year for the citizen who in the period of five years either lost, missed or alienated two or more passports.

 

Missing, loss, theft or other kind of the alienation of the passport has to be reported by the holder immediately and if that is not possible, at least in eight days to the Administrative Unit. In case of a suspicion that a criminal offence has been committed (theft for example) he/she should also notify the police of it.

A Slovene citizen who lost the travel document abroad has to report its loss, missing or theft to the nearest police station. Based on the police certificate the Slovene consular-diplomatic representation office abroad will issue the emergency passport.

A missing travel document abroad has to be reported by the holder immediately and if that is not possible, at least in eight days after the arrival in Slovenia to the Administrative Unit.

 

Diplomatic passport

A diplomatic passport is issued to the President of the Republic of Slovenia, members of the National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia, members of the Republic of Slovenia in the European Parliament, President of the National Council of the Republic of Slovenia, Prime Minister and members of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia, President of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia, Human Rights Ombudsperson, President of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Slovenia, President of the Court of Auditors of the Republic of Slovenia, employees of consular and diplomatic representation offices and missions of the Republic of Slovenia abroad who have diplomatic or consular titles and the employees of the ministry responsible for foreign affairs who deal with diplomatic or consular affairs and have diplomatic titles, heads of national delegations of the Republic of Slovenia, persons who by the decision of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia leave the country to work in international organisations as officials of a diplomatic grade in these organisations, diplomatic couriers and certain other persons if this is in the interest of the Republic of Slovenia. A diplomatic passport can be issued also to close family members of the employees of diplomatic and consular representation offices and missions of the Republic of Slovenia abroad as well as to family members of persons who by the decision of the Slovene Government leave the country to work in international organisations provided they live together with them in a common household abroad and to close family members of persons from the previous paragraph if they accompany them on missions.

A diplomatic passport is issued for the period of the performance of tasks for which the holder is entitled to such a passport yet its validity should not exceed five years.


Service passport

A service passport is issued to the councillors of the National Council of the Republic of Slovenia, employees of the ministry responsible for foreign affairs and employees of diplomatic or consular representation offices of the Republic of Slovenia abroad who do not have a diplomatic passport. A service passport is also issued to the members of national delegations of the Republic of Slovenia as well as to employees of other national authorities on their missions abroad as well as certain other persons if this is in the interest of the Republic of Slovenia. A service passport can also be issued to close family members of the persons from the previous paragraph of this Article if they live together with them in a common household abroad.

A service passport is issued for the period of the performance of tasks for which the holder is entitled to such a passport yet its validity should not exceed five years.


Emergency passport

The emergency passport is a travel document issued to a citizen of the Republic of Slovenia or a citizen of another European Union Member State who remained abroad without a travel document. Upon the loss (theft) of the travel document it is necessary to report it at a police station. Based on the certificate on the loss of a travel document, the diplomatic-consular representation office issues the emergency passport. If in the country where the holder lost the travel document there is no diplomatic-consular representation office of his/her country, the representation office that represents the interests of the alien's country of origin will cooperate in issuing the emergency passport.

The emergency passport is issued for the period of its validity for up to 30 days, or for the time necessary for the holder to return to the country of his/her nationality to the country where the holder has the habitual residence or exceptionally to the country where the holder has his/her temporary residence.


Refugee passport

Refugee passport is issued by the state to an alien who has been recognised as a refugee by virtue of the Convention on the Status of Refugees (the Geneva Convention dated 28. 7. 1951) and its New York Protocol on the Status of Refugees. The holders of refugee passports need a visa to enter in the Republic of Slovenia unless this document has been issued by an EU/EEA Member State or Switzerland.


Passport for a stateless person

This passport is issued to a person who is by virtue of the Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons (New York on 28.9.1954) a recognised stateless person, namely a person without nationality (citizenship). The Republic of Slovenia does not issue passports for stateless persons. The Aliens Act provides that a stateless person is issued with an alien's passport because by virtue of this Act an alien is also a person who has no nationality.

The holder of the passport for a stateless person needs a visa to enter in the Republic of Slovenia unless such document has been issued by an EU/EEA Member State or Switzerland.


Alien's passport

It can be issued to an alien who has a permission to reside in the Republic of Slovenia and has no nationality or he/she has not or cannot obtain a valid passport of his country of origin, or also to other aliens who have no valid papers if there are well-founded reasons to do so.

The alien's passport can be issued for the period of up to two years unless the alien applied for the passport with a shorter validity or if for the purposes for which the passport has been issued, a shorter validity period is also sufficient. The passport for an alien located in the country is issued by the Administrative Unit whereas the one for an alien located abroad; it is the competent diplomatic-consular representation office of the Republic of Slovenia abroad.

The alien's passport is valid for all the countries except for the country of the alien's nationality. The alien's passport can also be issued as valid only in certain countries.

 

An alien who looses the travel document in the Republic of Slovenia or another travel document issued by the competent authority of the Republic of Slovenia has to notify immediately, or if that is not possible, at least in eight days the Administrative Unit that issued the passport. If the passport has been issued by the diplomatic-consular representation office of the Republic of Slovenia abroad he should contact the Administrative Unit in the area of which the alien resides.

An alien who looses a travel document abroad or another document issued by the competent authority of the Republic of Slovenia has to report it immediately or if that is not possible at least in eight days to the nearest authority of the Republic of Slovenia abroad, responsible for diplomatic-consular affairs.

 

Identity card

Citizens of the EU/EEA and Switzerland do not need a passport to enter in the Republic of Slovenia but can do so also with a valid identity card. Based on a bilateral agreement Croatian citizens can also enter in Slovenia with an identity card.

Slovene citizens can also enter in the EU/EEA Member States, Switzerland and Croatia with a valid identity card. It is moreover possible to enter in Montenegro with a Slovene identity card (unilateral decision of the Montenegrin Government).


Seaman's book, Boatman's book

It is issued by the state (Geneva Convention dated 13. 5. 1958) for its seamen so that they can perform their job. The seaman's and boatman's book are issued as a document to cross the national border for seamen aboard a ship and for travelling to another country due to boarding the ship or to return home after disembarkation. Boarding should be recorded and approved in the book.

The Convention on Facilitation of International Naval Traffic (London Agreement) provides that the seaman's book or a passport is the basic document to prove the identity of the crew on boarding and disembarkation.


UN Laissez-passer

This is a document issued by the United Nations (UN) for its employees (Convention on the Privileges of Special Organisations dated 21.11.1947). By its function it is equal to a service passport or diplomatic passport. Holders of valid UN Laissez-passer do not need a visa to enter in the Republic of Slovenia (regardless of their nationality).


EU Laissez-passer

Based on the Council Regulation (ESPJ, EGS, EURATOM) no. 1826/69 dated 15 September 1969 on the definition of the form for the laissez-passer issued to the members and employees of institutions, these persons can be issued with a Laissez-passer on the prescribed form by virtue of this Regulation.

It is valid as a document for crossing the national border.


Documents of crew members on civil aircraft

Crew members on civil aircraft performing their professional activity need only one of the following documents to cross the national border (Convention on International Civil Aviation, Chicago, USA, 7.12.1944):

  • Crew Member Licence;
  • Crew Certificate;
  • General Declaration;
  • Aviation license.

Crew members of civil aircraft do not need a visa to cross the national border regardless of their nationality.

After entering in the country with the above documents, their freedom of movement is however restricted because it is required that:

  • They do not leave the airport where they landed;
  • They should stay only in the area of the airport or the town located near the airport (to rest or spend the night...);
  • They have to leave the airport where they landed to reach another airport in the territory of the same country.


Passport of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta

It is the only exception to the rule that passports can only be issued by states. The holders of the passport of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta do not need a visa to enter in the Republic of Slovenia. The passports of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta have a title in three languages. In Italian "Sovrano Militare Ordine di Malta" in French "Ordre Souverain et Militaire de Malte" and in English "Sovereign Military Order of Malta.

 

There are many abuses of such passports. Various organisations, societies and associations issue passports with very similar titles or symbols. These are the so called imaginary or fantasy documents with which one cannot cross the national border. By using such documents in formal procedures the person commits a violation or even a criminal offence.

 

Documents for crossing the national border based on bilateral agreements

Besides bilateral agreements on the recognition of identity cards as documents for crossing the national border, the Republic of Slovenia also signed a number of other agreements with all the neighbouring countries based on which it is possible to cross the national border also by using other documents yet only for the purpose of implementing individual agreements. Such documents are border transit passes, special permits, agricultural passes, water management passes and other laissez-passer.


Which documents do children need for an organised transit of the border with the Republic of Croatia?

The Travel Documents Act (consolidated version - ZPLD-1-UPB1 - Official Gazette RS, no. 3/2006) provides in Article 7 that a child under 15 years of age travelling abroad or from abroad unaccompanied or without a legal representative needs a permission of the legal representative. The permission has to be authorised by the Administrative Unit or the diplomatic-consular representation office of the Republic of Slovenia abroad.

If a child under 15 years of age lives in an institution or with a foster family or if the legal representative is unavailable, the competent centre for social work issues the permission for crossing the national border due to the protection of the child's best interests.

To rationalize the procedure to obtain the permission to cross the national border for organised groups of children (schools, kindergartens.) under 15 years of age it is enough that the organiser produces the list of children travelling in the group. The list has to be authorised by the headmaster or the principal and is valid as a permission for the group of children to cross the border. The leader of the group has to keep the authorised list of children and show it to the police officer responsible for border control.

Children are otherwise allowed to cross the border at border crossings only with a valid travel document. The valid travel document to cross the national border is the passport or other document defined by an international agreement or a bilateral agreement with another country. Based on a bilateral agreement Slovene citizens are allowed to enter in the Republic of Croatia with a valid identity card.


Document for schoolchildren travelling on excursions

Based on the Council Regulation EC no. 1932/2006 a visa waiver can apply to children, third country nationals, who reside in an EU Member State and travel in a group on a school excursion accompanied by a teacher from that school.

In order to enter in the country without a visa the schoolchildren have to produce a special paper for school excursions issued by the competent national authority of the country where they live. This document is issued in line with the Council Decision no. 94/795/PNZ dated 30 November 1994 on common action to facilitate travelling of children from third countries who permanently reside in a Member State (Off. Jrl. EU L 372, 19.12.1994). Slovenia started to issue such documents in 2007.


NATO identity card

Based on the agreement between the Government of the Republic of Slovenia and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation on the transit dated 19.6.1996 and the Agreement between the Signatories of the North Atlantic Treaty on the Status of their Forces (NATO SOFA) the members of these forces can enter in the Republic of Slovenia without a visa if they produce the so called >NATO identity card< and the "travel order".