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Europol, European Police Office, which became an EU Agency on 1 January 2010, is competent to cover organised crime, terrorism and other forms of serious crime affecting two or more Member States in such a way as to require a common approach by the Member States owing to the scale, significance and consequences of the offences. Its basic aim is to improve the effectiveness of and cooperation between the competent authorities of the Member States in preventing and combating serious international organized crime and other forms of serious crime. The important mission of Europol is to make a significant contribution in the areas of uncovering, preventing and prosecuting organized crime and combating the actions of organized criminal groups.


The European Police Office (Europol) was established on 7 February 1992 with the signing of the Maastricht Treaty of the European Union. Europol is based in The Hague, Netherlands. Europol commenced limited operations on 3 January 1994 as the Europol Drugs Unit (EDU). Initially, activities were focused on the fight against illicit drugs with Europol's competences progressively expanding to include other important areas of crime. Europol commenced its full activities on 1 July 1999, after the Europol Convention was ratified by all EU Member States in 1998. On 1 January 2010, the legal basis of Europol changed and the Europol Convention was replaced by the Council Decision establishing Europol, on the basis of which Europol became an agency of the European Union and operated until 1 May 2017, when the new legal basis for Europol, the Europol Regulation (2016/794) entered into force.


The basic prerequisites for the inclusion of Europol in activities are the area of crime and scope of tasks for which Europol has been given a mandate, the involvement of an organized criminal structure, and the fact that two or more Member States are affected by the types of crime in question in such a way as to require a common approach by the Member States or cooperation of at least two or more Member States. Serious forms of crime, which come within the competence of Europol and which are listed in the Annex of the Council Decision establishing Europol, are the following:

  • unlawful drug trafficking,
  • illegal money-laundering activities,
  • crime connected with nuclear and radioactive substances,
  • illegal immigrant smuggling,
  • trafficking in human beings,
  • motor vehicle crime,
  • murder, grievous bodily injury,
  • illicit trade in human organs and tissue,
  • kidnapping, illegal restraint and hostage taking,
  • racism and xenophobia,
  • robbery,
  • illicit trafficking in cultural goods, including antiquities and works of art,
  • swindling and fraud,
  • racketeering and extortion,
  • counterfeiting and product piracy,
  • forgery of administrative documents and trafficking therein,
  • forgery of money and means of payment,
  • computer crime,
  • corruption,
  • illicit trafficking in arms, ammunition and explosives,
  • illicit trafficking in endangered animal species,
  • illicit trafficking in endangered plant species and varieties,
  • environmental crime,
  • illicit trafficking in hormonal substances and other growth promoters.

Europol provides the Member States with the following services:

  • Facilitation of rapid and unrestricted exchange of information in accordance with national legislation between Europol liaison officers (ELOs) and authorized officials, representatives of the Member States. ELOs are seconded to Europol by the Member States as representatives of their national law enforcement agencies which are involved in the detection and prevention of crime.
  • Provision of operational analyses to the Member States in support of operations.
  • Generation of strategic reports (e.g. threat assessments) and crime analyses on the basis of information and intelligence supplied by the Member States and third parties.
  • Provision of expertise and technical support for investigations and operations carried out within the EU, under the supervision and legal power of the Member States on their respective territories.
  • Europol also analyses specific occurrences of types of criminal offences with the intention of seeking the best investigative practices, thus ensuring the harmonization of investigative techniques in the Member States.


Europol National Unit (International Operations Section), which is an integral part of the International Police Cooperation Division within the Criminal Police Directorate, is the national point of connection between Europol and competent state bodies in Slovenia (internal organizational units of the Police, the Customs Administration of the Republic of Slovenia and the Office for Money Laundering Prevention). Its basic tasks are to:

  • Supply Europol, on their own initiative, with information and criminal intelligence;
  • Respond to Europol's requests for information, criminal intelligence and to give advice;
  • Keep information and criminal intelligence up to date;
  • Evaluate information and criminal intelligence for competent authorities and transmit that material to them;
  • Issue requests for advice, information, criminal intelligence and analysis to Europol and Member States;
  • Supply Europol with information for storage in its databases;
  • Store and query data in Europol Information System;
  • Ensure compliance with the law in every exchange of information between themselves and Europol.

Part of the Europol National Unit is also the Slovenian Liaison Office located at the Europol headquarters, where Liaison Officers, who are members of the Slovenian Police, perform their duties. Liaison Offices at the Europol headquarters present a single platform, which unites representatives of law enforcement authorities from countries and provides quick and operational exchange of information with Europol units and countries that operate within Europol.

The exchange of information with Europol and Member States falls within the competence of the International Operations Section which is part of the International Police Cooperation Division within the Criminal Police Directorate at the General Police Directorate.


General Police Directorate
Criminal Police Directorate
International Police Cooperation Division

International Operations Section
Štefanova ulica 2
1000 Ljubljana

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Eisenhowerlaan 73
2517 KK The Hague
The Netherlands

Postal address:
P.O. Box 908 50
2509 LW The Hague
The Netherlands

Tel.: +31 70 302 5000
Fax: +31 70 345 5896