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The work of a modern police force cannot be imagined without the assistance of police dogs. They have become our loyal and indispensable assistants in providing security and performing the most demanding general and specialised tasks. Belonging to the former are securing public order and peace at events at which large groups of people are present, controlling the state borders, searching for missing persons and perpetrators of criminal acts, securing hazardous procedures in which dogs look after their handlers, etc.

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A key role in the development of police cynology, the acquisition, breeding, training and education of police dogs, is played by the Service Dogs Training Section within the Police Academy, which also trains service dog handlers and provides veterinary care to all animals serving the police.

Service dogs handlers perform the most tasks in maintaining public order, in the form of surveillance service, and they also participate in interventions in the event of mass violations of public order and in securing public gatherings that involve a higher degree of risk.

Dogs, in particular, are effective in the search for missing persons and in investigating criminal acts as well as in criminal investigations and forensics. Additionally, service dog handlers and mounted police officers participate in numerous preventive activities of the police in schools, kindergartens and as part of the promotion of the profession of police officer, in which our four-legged assistants always impress the attendees.

Dog snouts are more precise than any detector

Specialised tasks are those in which dogs use their trained snouts, which are frequently more reliable than any detector, to look for various substances or items, for example, illicit drugs and explosive ordnances, firearms, cartridge cases, biological traces, and dead bodies; they are even able to detect the source of a fire.

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Due to their innate characteristics, such as a sense of smell that is incomparably more developed than that of humans, the exceptional ability to distinguish scents, better night vision and more developed hearing, dogs are frequently more effective than technical means. With their presence, they often have a preventative effect on possible perpetrators and deter them from realising bad intentions. A foundation for good operational work in the field is a close relationship between the dog and its handler.

One of the tasks of service dog handlers and service dogs is preventive and promotional work. They attract a lot of attention, in particular from children, who are the most impressed by them - providing a way for police officers to bring their work closer to youngsters.

The majority of Slovenian service dogs and their handlers work in the field as part of police stations or service dog handler units in police directorates, as well as in the Special Unit and in Specialised state border control unit.

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