The family-related criminal offences that are subject to prosecution by the police are the following:

  • domestic violence under Article 191 of the Penal Code (a victim is a person of legal age) and
  • neglect and maltreatment of a child under Article 192 of the Penal Code (a victim is a person under the age of 18).

 

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Criminal offence: domestic violence (Article 191)

  1. Whoever within a family treats badly another person, beats them, or in any other way treats them painfully or degradingly, threatens with direct attack on their life or limb to throw them out of the joint residence or in any other way limits their freedom of movement, stalks them, forces them to work or give up their work, or in any other way puts them into a subordinate position by aggressively limiting their equal rights shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than five years.
  2. The same punishment shall be imposed on whoever commits the acts under the preceding paragraph in any other permanent living community.
  3. If the act under paragraph 1 is committed against a person with whom the perpetrator lived in a family or other permanent community, which fell apart, however this act is connected to the community, the perpetrator shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than three years.

 

 

Criminal offence: neglect and maltreatment of a child (Article 193)

  1. A parent, adoptive parent, guardian or other person who seriously breaches his obligations to a child shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than three years.
  2. A parent, adoptive parent, guardian or other person who forces a child to work excessively or to perform work unsuitable to his age, or who out of greed inures a child to begging or other conduct prejudicial to his proper development, or who tortures him shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than five years.

 

 

  

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