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We live in times when crime knows no national borders. This is especially true for organised crime, trafficking in arms, human beings and illicit drugs and money laundering. Slovenia, too, is faced with such criminal acts ever more frequently, which is why it is not surprising that the fight against organised groups who deal with international criminal activity is among our priority tasks.

8H3A3123 kriminalistka na kraju vloma

In order to effectively detect and investigate crime, we are not only trying to keep up with perpetrators of criminal acts, but we strive to be one step ahead of them, which is why we introduce modern investigation methods and techniques, adequately train and equip experts for investigation of all forms of criminal acts, including the most serious ones, and improve the quality of procedures to prove them. We perfect the use of special methods and techniques of crime investigation. We thoroughly monitor the various forms of crime that occur in Slovenia and strengthen preventive work in this field. By monitoring crime trends at home and throughout the world, we contribute to improving the rate of investigated criminal acts, which is already one of the highest in Europe.

We are also considered as a reliable and trustworthy partner abroad, which is confirmed by numerous successfully concluded international criminal investigations. However, the Slovenian police must follow the increasing globalisation of organised crime, increasingly more refined and complex forms of white-collar and computer crime and new and advanced technologies used by perpetrators and continue to limit and prevent as much as possible the opportunities to commit criminal acts by means of appropriate technical support and in cooperation with foreign law enforcement authorities.

DSC 4002 kriminalisti med usposabljanjem

Although employees of the criminal police are not uniformed, in special cases they wear recognisable anoraks with the inscription POLICIJA. In detecting criminal acts and perpetrators they frequently cooperate with uniformed police officers. As the latter are constantly present upon reporting or detection of a criminal act, they take immediate measures and investigate less demanding criminal acts. More complex forms of crime, which demand special investigative knowledge and technical equipment, are investigated by criminal police officers. As their work is specialised and they are familiar with problems in the local environment, also operating within individual police stations are local criminal police groups, mostly in urban areas, while mobile criminal police groups are organised in police departments for supervision over more criminally endangered areas.

General crime is an exceptionally broad field

The field of general crime itself is very diverse and, statistically speaking, it represents approximately 80% of all processed crime. It covers property crime (thefts, burglaries and robberies) and criminal acts in the field of violent crime and sexual crime, juvenile delinquency and domestic violence. With the development of modern means of communication, investigation is expanding to these fields, for example, to the investigation of online child abuse, while the newest and increasingly present forms of crime include environmental crime (for example, illegal trade in and transport of waste).

IMG 5640 talska situacija pogajalec

In the event of various crisis situations, such as suicide attempts, abduction, hostage taking, threats involving explosives, etc., police negotiators are also called in. Police officers who work as negotiators otherwise perform regular tasks in their home units as criminal police officers, police officers, neighbourhood police chiefs and similar.

We also successfully investigate organised criminal groups

In the field of organised crime, we "cover" prohibited trade in illicit drugs, classical acts of organised crime (money counterfeiting, abuse of prostitution, trafficking in human beings, organising illegal migration, smuggling of highly taxed goods) and extremely violent acts (explosions, murders, extortion, acts of terrorism, trafficking in firearms and other hazardous substances for mass destruction), as well as other criminal acts such as corruption and money laundering as a consequence of organised crime.

We also have a special professional operational service which can directly perform covert investigation measures (undercover operation and surveillance) and which uses special techniques. For easier prevention of possible terrorist acts, we also have access to passenger name records (PNRs) in accordance with the relevant European directive.

Digitalna kriminaliteta AdobeStock SergejNivens

From increasingly complex computer investigations to extremely demanding detection of white-collar crime and corruption

With regard to new cyber tools (internet, dark web), which are being increasingly used by perpetrators and criminal groups, whose victims are both individuals and companies, the police are faced with the question of how to successfully investigate computer crime within the existing legislative powers. The main challenge is to follow the rapid progress of information technologies and constant increase in the quantity of data with new knowledge, staff and suitable equipment, in order to ensure the professionalism and success of computer investigation and digital forensics.

As white-collar crime and corruption becomes increasingly complex, investigating and processing criminal acts in this area becomes increasingly demanding. Well organised and intertwined with international elements, they harm the financial interests of Slovenia and the European Union, which is why the focus is on investigating criminal acts with large property gain or damage and criminal acts related to the use of public funds and major corruption risks (for example, in large infrastructural projects, public procurement at national and local level, subsidies). We also focus on tracing financial flows by performing parallel financial investigations and seizure of illegally gained property.

Criminal police officers process severe forms of crime

Although employees of the criminal police are not uniformed, in special cases they wear recognisable anoraks with the inscription POLICIJA. In detecting criminal acts and perpetrators they frequently cooperate with uniformed police officers. As the latter are constantly present upon reporting or detection of a criminal act, they take immediate measures and investigate less demanding criminal acts. More complex forms of crime, which demand special investigative knowledge and technical equipment, are investigated by criminal police officers. As their work is specialised and they are familiar with problems in the local environment, also operating within individual police stations are local criminal police groups, mostly in urban areas, while mobile criminal police groups are organised in police departments for supervision over more criminally endangered areas.

Support by criminal intelligence service and international databases

Work in all fields of criminal investigation is multidisciplinary and requires the cooperation of various experts and liaison with other state bodies and inspection services. The support of the criminal intelligence service, which with its efforts supports police decision-makers and investigators in steering the work of the police, conducting investigations and resolution of cases, is indispensable.

After all, effective investigation also requires organised international cooperation with foreign police forces as part of established structures such as Interpol, Europol, the Schengen Information System and SIRENE Bureaus, the Police Expert Network on Missing Persons and the European Network of Fugitive Active Search Teams, multilateral and bilateral agreements, etc., based on which Slovenian police officers in the field have direct access to extremely important operational data through available international police databases. All this frequently allows us to be immediately responsive and enables the established duty services and national contact points to be constantly available.

Almost every murder in Slovenia investigated

In terms of the number of murders, Slovenia is among the safest countries both in Europe and the world. When it comes to investigation of violent crime, almost all murders in Slovenia have been successfully investigated, a result that is also due to the high level of responsiveness of the police.

Following a notification to the operational and communication centre that a murder has been committed in Slovenia, emergency measures are immediately carried out. Various services in the police perform their duties. Police officers secure the scene of the act and take the first measures on the spot. Criminal police officers and criminal technicians carefully and precisely examine every corner in which useful traces or items might be found. In the National Forensic Laboratory, these traces are appropriately processed, and comparisons are made, which initiates the procedure of proving that the act has been committed by a certain perpetrator. Meanwhile, criminal police officers inquire, investigate and search for the perpetrator of the act with endeavour and dedication.

If necessary, other police services are included in the criminal investigation, for example, the special unit dedicated to arresting the worst and most dangerous perpetrators of criminal acts, while police divers, Alpine climbers, caving specialists and bomb technicians are involved in other activities in the field. Also very effective is assistance from the Special Police Unit, particularly in examining extensive and difficult terrain, and handlers of police dogs, both general and specialised dogs that looks for traces of blood, semen, inflammable substances or firearms and explosives.

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